Fall Prevention

The Basics

  • Remove tripping hazards– keep paths clear and clean up spills
  • Exercise regularly to stay fit (20-30 minutes per day)
  • Have your eyes checked each year
  • Eat healthy to stay strong and avoid dehydration
  • At yearly check-ups tell your doctor if you have had falls
  • Know the effects of your medication and if they increase your risk of falling
  • Wear well-fitting clothes (loose clothes can cause you to trip)
  • Wear supportive shoes with good grips
  • Ask about equipment for you and your home that can prevent falls
  • Avoid rushing! Change positions slowly and give yourself time
  • Make sure handrails on stairs are secure
  • Make sure you have good lighting along your path
  • Avoid icy walkways – always walk slow
  • Call for help if you fall – find a daily call buddy to check-in

If you fall and are alone:

  • Roll on your side and sit up if you can
  • Turn on your hands and knees and crawl to stable furniture
  • Place one foot on the floor
  • Lean forward and push up with your other foot
  • Rest and tell someone you have fallen

If you fall and you cannot get up:

  • Try to drag yourself to a phone to call 9-1-1
  • Stay warm wrap yourself in anything nearby
  • If you are in a wet area move away from the wet area
  • Move your arms and legs regularly

Prevent falls in hospital:

  • Call for help if you have a fall
  • Ask for help if you feel weak or dizzy
  • Use your call bell to call for help to get up

Follow the advice from your care team for:

  • Changing positions and moving around
  • Using your walking equipment (keep brakes on equipment when not moving)